Taroko Gorge: The Grand Canyon of Taiwan

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Taroko Gorge, named after the Truku or Taroko aboriginal tribe, is one of Taiwan’s premier scenic attractions. Few visit without being blown away by its sheer magnificence and raw natural beauty. It is the star attraction of Hualien, Taiwan’s largest county, on the wild visually stunning east coast.

For many visitors to Taiwan with little time, Taroko Gorge is the only place they visit outside of the greater Taipei area. This only makes sense, as Taroko can be reached in a mere 2-3 hours from the capital, yet feels world’s apart.

I wrote this guide to Taroko Gorge based on many visits over the last 10 years. In it I’m going to cover all the main things to do in Taroko Gorge, how to get there, where to stay, and more. I’m also going to explain below why I think Island Life Taiwan Tours offer the best Taroko Gorge tours available.

For more general info about traveling in Taiwan, also be sure to see my introduction to Taiwan travel.


Taroko Gorge: General Overview

Taroko Gorge, Hualien, Taiwan
If you’ve never been to Taroko Gorge before, this is the kind of scenery you can expect


Taroko Gorge is the country’s premier scenic attraction, along with Alishan and Sun Moon Lake. It tops my list of best places to visit in Taiwan if you want experience dramatic nature on a short, easy-to-plan trip from the capital, and it is an essential stop on any Taiwan itinerary.

The area referred to as Taroko Gorge is a steep, dramatic valley carved by the Liwu River (立霧溪), which flows from the Central Mountains of Taiwan to the Pacific Ocean. The blue-green waters of the Liwu have created immense, vertical cliffs of marble and gneiss.

The Japanese first made the area a national park, called Tsugitaka-Taroko National Park, during their colonial rule of Taiwan. The KMT later abolished the national park, and it wasn’t reestablished again until 1986.

Ultra narrow Provincial Highway 8 runs up Taroko Gorge. The highway was first built in the late 1950s, and the 212 veterans who died while building it are today commemorated at Eternal Spring Shrine.

Highway 8 is actually the start of the Central Cross-Island Highway as it follows the Liwu River upstream and then continues into the high mountains and on to Taichung City. The first 19 kilometers or so of the highway are the portion in Taroko Gorge.

To visit Taroko Gorge, you’ll want to set aside an entire day. With that amount of time, you’ll be able to visit most of the places I describe in this article, including at least one hike, but if you want to include multiple hikes, you’ll want to budget two days. Taroko can even be done as a day trip from Taipei, but staying for at least one night is better. Also note that, like most of Taiwan, Taroko Gorge are very safe for solo or female travelers.

If you have even more time in the area, you’ll want to check out my two guides to the east coast of Taiwan, covering Yilan to Hualien and Hualien to Taitung and Kenting National Park.  

Popular as it is among tour groups, you can still enjoy many of Taroko Gorge’s attractions in relative silence if you get an early start or do one of the gorge’s many hikes. However, if you visit Taroko Gorge during a long weekend or especially the latter half of the Lunar New Year holiday in Taiwan, be prepared for some serious crowds! You can see more information on the best times to visit Taroko Gorge in my guide to when to visit Taiwan.


The Best Taroko Gorge Tours

The most convenient way to see Taroko Gorge, especially if you want to cover the main sights in one day, is by taking a tour from Hualien. There are several operators, but I personally recommend Island Life Taiwan Tours.

The reason I recommend them is because they specifically design their tours to avoid the crowds everywhere they go, including starting a little earlier than other tours. Also, their groups are small and their tours are conducted in English. They are also highly reviewed and have a five star rating on Tripadvisor.

To cover the main sights described in this article, choose the Better Taroko Gorge Tour. The tour also includes some off-the-beaten-track spots that other tours don’t, such as the Changuang Bell Tower Trail, the Baiyang Waterfall Trail, and the Water Curtain Cave, which you will read about below. They even provide flashlights and raincoats for entering the Water Curtain Cave.

If you really want to get off the beaten track and into the wild, consider the Lushui-Wenshan Trail Hike. And for a truly thrilling experience, you can’t miss the Zhuilu Old Trail Hike (I’ll describe the hike further below). You need police and park permits for these hikes, so it’s much better and easier to go through a tour company to do them. A popular option is to add an hour of ATV riding on the beach to your Taroko Gorge tour with this unique tour add-on!

Further afield, you can go up to one of the highest points in Taiwan on the Hehuanshan tour.


Getting to Taroko Gorge

Most people take the train to Hualien, but there’s also the option to fly from Tapei’s Songshan Airport. There are no buses from Taipei to Hualien.

If you’re starting your trip in Taipei, be sure to check out my Taipei 4-day itinerary, list of 50 things to do in Taipei, and guide to the best accommodations in Taipei.


Flying from Taipei to Hualien

The fastest and most convenient way to get from Taipei to Hualien is by taking this flight from Songshan Airport in the Taipei city center to Hualien.


Trains from Taipei to Hualien

Taking the train from Taipei to Hualien
My sister and daughter on the Puyuma express train from Taipei to Hualien. See my complete article on traveling around Taiwan with kids!


There are two train stops that are relevant for getting from Taipei to Taroko Gorge: Tiny Xincheng (Taroko Gorge) station is much closer to the gorge, but has few facilities and accommodations. The next stop, Hualien station in the county capital, is further away but has way more hotels, hostels, restaurants, night markets, and so on.

The train from Taipei to Hualien takes about 2 hours (NT440) on the Puyuma or Taroko express and 3 hours (NT340) on the Chu-Kuang express trains. For the faster ones there is no standing allowed, so you’ll need to book in advance (tickets are released 2 weeks before the travel date and often sell out almost instantly for weekends and holidays).

For the slower train, you can always buy a standing ticket right before and maybe even find a vacant chair to sit in. See here for more information on reserving train tickets in Taiwan.  

From Xincheng station, it is only 10 minutes by car/scooter to the entrance of Taroko Gorge, while from Hualien it takes 30-40 minutes.

It is also possible to charter a private car from Taipei to Hualien, with stops in Jiufen, Nanfang Ao, and the Qingshui Cliffs (see below). For total freedom, you can rent a car at the Taoyuan International Airport or rent a car from any major train station in Taiwan.


Getting to Taroko Gorge by Scooter on Your Own

Riding a scooter in Taroko Gorge, Taiwan
Riding scooters in Taroko Gorge, an unforgettable experience


If you want to get to Taroko Gorge by scooter, you can pre-book your scooter rental online to guarantee there will be one waiting for you. Book at scooter at Xincheng station here or at Hualien Station here. Helmet and rain jacket are provided, and you’ll need a local or international driver’s license. 

Riding a scooter in Taroko Gorge gives you the freedom and flexibility to stop wherever you go, and riding through the tunnels and between the valley walls of Taroko Gorge is an incredible experience. However, it must be noted that there have been multiple scooter accidents in Taroko Gorge in recent years, some tragic, so you should do so at your own risk.


Taking the Bus to Taroko Gorge

Visiting Taroko Gorge by bus is the slowest and most inconvenient, but cheapest way. The buses are quite infrequent, so you really need to time it well. Still, the bus isn’t a bad option, and with some planning and an early start, you can still see a few of the main highlights of Taroko Gorge in a day. Note that the bus does not visit the Baiyang Waterfalls or the Water Curtain Cave.

Hualien county runs regular buses (NT170 per person, no change given, four per day) and tourist shuttles (NT 250 day pass, 13 per day) from Hualien through Taroko Gorge to Tianxiang, the village at the head of the Gorge, stopping at Xincheng station on the way, taking about 1.5 hours one way. Here’s the most recent Taroko Gorge bus route and schedule.


Cycling Taroko Gorge

Cycling Taroko Gorge is easily the best way to take in the dramatic scenery that Taroko Gorge has to offer. Avoid weekends and holidays, when traffic is much heavier, and be warned that some of the roads in Taroko Gorge are very narrow and don’t provide much space between you and passing tour buses.

Also, don’t go cycling in Taroko Gorge during or after heavy rain or a typhoon during summer in Taiwan. In 2017, a Japanese cyclist died from a landslide in Taroko Gorge for this reason.

One great option is the ride-and-cycle tour offered by Taroko Lodge (read hotel reviews / check hotel prices). For around NT1000, they will drive you up to Tianxiang and you can cycle back down, mostly downhill. By skipping the long slog up the valley, you can have more time to stop and enjoy some of the sights as you race your way back down.

You can rent bicycles around Hualien and Xincheng stations or right at the entrance to Taroko Gorge for about NT250 per day, but I’d suggest not wasting your time riding all the way from Hualien station to the entrance of Taroko (about an hour). From Xincheng station, it only takes 15 minutes to cycle to the entrance of Taroko, or you can take the bus to the entrance and rent a bike there.


Things to See in Taroko Gorge

Taiwan is a geologically active island, and in few places is this more apparent than at Taroko Gorge. Earthquakes, typhoons, and landslides regularly destroy roads and trails. Every time I’ve ever been to Taroko Gorge, at least one or more of the main sights or trails has been closed off, and one time, the entire highway was closed for set times every day past the Swallow’s Grove.

Avoid disappointment by checking what’s open before you go on the Taroko Gorge National Park website.


Taroko Gorge Entrance Gate

Entrance gate to Taroko Gorge National Park, Taiwan
Entrance gate to Taroko Gorge


Welcome to Taroko Gorge! Tacky as it may seem, I couldn’t resist stopping here for a photo, and you will probably want to do the same 🙂


Shakadang Trail

Shakadang Trail, Taroko Gorge, Taiwan
Sapphire waters on the Shakadang Trail


Shakadang Trail (砂卡噹步道) is an easy trail that follows a creek with crystal clear, sapphire pools of water. You WILL want to jump in, but you aren’t allowed to swim or go off the trail since people have died here. This easy 4km walk takes about 2 hours return if you go the whole way. It passes through a Truku aboriginal village, where locals sometimes sell crafts or snacks along the trail.

To get there, cross the bridge that goes over the river at the Taroko Gorge Entrance Gate (turn right in the entrance gate photo above), turn left at the end of the bridge, and drive about five minutes past the information center. Buses also stop here.


Changuang Temple and Bell Tower

Changuang Bell Tower, Taroko Gorge, Hualien
Changuang Bell Tower from below


A lesser known stop right next to the famous Eternal Spring Shrine (see below), Chuanguang temple is up a steep road and offers panoramic views over the surrounding valley. There’s a trail from the temple to the bell tower for even better views, but the section connecting the bell tower to the Eternal Spring Shrine (Changchun Shrine Trail) was closed at the time of writing.

This off-the-beaten track stop is usually included on this Taroko Gorge tour.


Changuang Bell Tower, Taroko Gorge, Hualien
Changuang Bell Tower


For temples lovers, be sure to check out my guide to the top 30 temples in northern Taiwan!


Eternal Spring Shrine

Eternal Spring Shrine, Taroko Gorge, Hualian, Taiwan
Eternal Spring Shrine, one of the top sights in Taroko Gorge


The Eternal Spring Shrine (長春祠) is probably the most recognizable sight in Taroko Gorge and often crowded with tour groups. A picturesque waterfall streams out from the mountain, with a large colorful shrine built up around it to honor the many who died when the highway was first carved out by the Japanese in the 1910s.

The shrine is accessed through a tunnel that contains some smaller shrines, but (as of early 2018) access to the main shrine was blocked due to typhoon damage.


For another incredible temple carved into the walls on the cliff, check out my article on Seokbulsa Temple in South Korea!


Swallow’s Grove

Swallow's Grove, Taroko Gorge
Swallow’s Grove. Can you see us?


Swallow’s Grove (燕子口 or Yanzikou) is a stretch of road through multiple tunnels that you can walk along and peer over sheer vertical drops to the river far below—classic Taroko Gorge scenery.


Zhuilu Old Trail

Zhuilu Old Trail, Taroko Gorge
Exhilarating Zhuilu Old Trail. Photo by Caleb Cole.


Taroko Park’s most exhilarating hike features narrow trails along sheer 500m+ cliffs and expansive, bird’s eye views over Taroko Gorge. This fairly tough 6-km hike takes 3-6 hours and officially requires a permit and guide. Also, you must begin before 10am.

To arrange a guide and permit, simply book the tour online with Island Life Taiwan Tours and they will arrange it for you. This hike is still on my Taiwan bucket list, so I’ve used a friend’s photo above.

At the time of writing, only the first 3.1km were open, so definitely check the status on the national park website or with the tour company before you go.


Tunnel of Nine Turns

Tunnel of Nine Turns, Taroko Gorge
Currently inaccessible Tunnel of Nine Turns


The Tunnel of Nine Turns (九曲洞隧道 or Jiuqudong) is a dramatic stretch of walking-only tunnels that has been closed for several years due to major damage from a landslide. The photo above was taken in summer of 2008.

The Tunnel of Nine Turns is scheduled to reopen in mid-2019.


Tianxiang (Tienhsiang) Recreation Area

Buddhist Xiangde Temple in Tianxiang village, Taroko Gorge
View from Tianxiang Village. Photo by Matt Hiscock


Tienhsiang is the only “town” in the gorge, with a bus station, aboriginal and Taiwanese food stalls, and, as of a few years ago, a 7-11. For people taking the bus, this is your end point, and a good place to stop for a bite to eat before heading back down.

The views are excellent here, and you can cross the footbridge and walk up many stairs to the Buddhist Xiangde Temple and Pagoda. There is also a hostel and (very expensive) hotel here (see accommodation section below).


Baiyang Trail and Water Curtain Cave

Baiyang Waterfall, Taroko Gorge
Impressive Baiyang Waterfall


Baiyang Trail (白楊步道) is another easy trail starting 900 meters past Tianxiang, taking you to gorgeous Baiyang Waterfall, and past it the Water Curtain Cave (水濂洞), a tunnel in which water spills down on top of your head as you walk through.

It’s less than an hour each way. The portion of the trail to Water Curtain Cave was closed for some time, but has recently been reopened (updated: June 2019).

On this tour, you can get flashlights and raincoats for entering the cave.


Water Curtain Cave, Baiyang Trail, Taroko Gorge
Water Curtain Cave, Baiyang Trail


Wenshan Hot Spring

Wenshan hot spring Taiwan
Destroyed and semi-closed Wenshan Hot Spring


Wenshan Hot Spring (文山溫泉) was once the most famous wild hot springs in Taiwan, being located right inside Taroko Gorge. Destroyed by a typhoon in 2005, it is now semi-open, and only requires sneaking around a fence or two to access.

The hot spring is located 2.5 kilometers past Tianxiang, and is probably the furthest point that you will consider going in Taroko Gorge unless you are planning to on traveling up the long and winding road to Hehuan Mountain.


Around Taroko Gorge

Qingshui Cliffs, Hualian, Taiwan
Vertical Qingshui Cliffs


The dramatic Qingshui Cliffs on the Suhua Highway, which leads north of Taroko Gorge toward Yilan County, are absolutely worth the trip. If you’re touring Taroko Gorge on your own, would be possible to squeeze them in at the end of your visit to Taroko Gorge; but if you’re spending the night, you may want to save them for the next morning. You can also go sea kayaking below the Qingshui Cliffs!

Gorgeous Qixingtan is a pebble beach between Hualien and Taroko Gorge, so it’s easy to stop there where traveling between the two. For more information on both places, see my article on the East Coast of Taiwan.

Qixingtan is included on this Taroko Gorge tour.


Qixingtan Beach, Hualian, Taiwan
Visiting the beautiful pebble beach at Qixingtan is a must!


It is also possible to continue further up Taroko Gorge to the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan, where you take in epic views of mighty Hehuanshan, one of Taiwan’s most famous mountains, visit Cingjing Farm (hire a private driver to visit Taroko Gorge then take you to Cingjing Farm there), or continue all the way to Sun Moon Lake and Alishan.


Where to Stay in Taroko Gorge

Besides the hostels, hotels, and B&Bs I list below, you can also find many great properties around Taroko Gorge, in Xincheng, or in Hualien on Airbnb.


Hostels in Hualien

Hualien offers the highest concentration of and best quality hostels in all of Taiwan, allowing you to enjoy the city’s restaurants and night markets at night, with relatively close proximity (30 minutes by car/scooter) to Taroko Gorge.

Some top rated hostels include Ni Hao Hostel (read reviews / check prices), Just Walk Backpacker Hostel (read reviews / check prices), and View Hostel (read reviews / check prices).  


Good Choices in Xincheng

Staying near Xincheng (Taroko Gorge) train station is very convenient for accessing Taroko Gorge.

I have a friend who stayed at Taroko Lodge (read reviews / check prices) and raves about it. The owner speaks excellent English and is incredibly helpful. He can pick you up at the train station and can organize bike tours. The hotel is near Xincheng. They also have larger cabins for groups.

Another good option in Xincheng is Yu’s Homestay B&B (read reviews / check prices).


Stay in an Aboriginal Village

The Moon River Guesthouse (read reviews and check prices) in Sanzhan (三棧), a small aboriginal village 15 minutes ride by scooter from the entrance to Taroko Gorge, is my favorite place to stay when I go to Taroko Gorge.

The guesthouse is friendly but basic and, the surrounding scenery is phenomenal, there are great spots in town for jumping into the river, and this is also the starting point for the Golden Grotto (黃金峽谷) river trace.

See my guide to the east coast of Taiwan for more information about Sanzhan and the Golden Grotto. You can also find the best place for cliff diving in Taiwan in my guide to the best beaches near Taipei.


Cliff jumping at Sanzhan (Sanjhan), Hualien, Taiwan
Jumping in the river in Sanzhan (Sanjhan), my favorite place to stay in Hualien


Sanzhan (Sanjhan), Hualien, Taiwan, starting point of the Golden Grotto river trace
The incredible backdrop to Sanzhan, an aboriginal village near the entrance to Taroko Gorge


Near the Entrance to Taroko Gorge

If you want to stay right at the entrance to Taroko Gorge, where you can rent bicycles, try the hostel Liwu Hotel (read reviews / check prices).


Hotels in Taroko Gorge for a Splurge

Silks Place Resort (read reviews / check prices) at Tianxiang is the only 5-star hotel in Taroko Gorge National Park, with rooms starting around NT8000, while Taroko Village Hotel (read reviews / check prices) offers wooden huts and aboriginal buffet dinners. We stopped here for a lavish feast when we camped at Heliu campground to enjoy the best of both worlds! (If you want to learn how to cook aboriginal cuisine, check out this cooking course in Hualien!)


Cheaper Hotels in Taroko Gorge

If you want to spend a night at the head of Taroko Gorge without breaking the bank, try the Tienhsiang Youth Activity Center (read reviews / check prices).


Camping in Taroko Gorge

16.5km up the valley, Heliu Campground offers 12 wooden platforms for first-come-first-serve camping at NT200 per space. I stayed here with my family several years ago and the facilities were very basic, but it was an awesome setting. If you need to pick one up before your trip, here are some of the best 4-person tents for camping.


I hope you can now see why Hualien’s Taroko Gorge is the best place to visit in Taiwan for anyone who is into nature and the outdoors. Let me know how your trip goes, and be sure to check out my other articles below on the area!



I never travel without a guidebook! I recommend these:






8 thoughts on “Taroko Gorge: The Grand Canyon of Taiwan”

  1. This is an awesome guide! Wish we would have had this before we visited Taroko Gorge last year. We’d love to go back and camp inside the park, and to do more hiking!

  2. Wow! Grand Canyon indeed. What a magical place. I’d enjoy doing it by scooter. A simple rental than off I’d go, with wife in tow. Amazing experience because it mixes such lush greens with dramatic mountain and canyon scenery. Taiwan has much to offer. I feel the place is still well off the tourist beaten path in many regards. Rocking post dude!


  3. Your post makes me SUPER excited about my upcoming trip to Hualien! I’ll be there for five days and will be exploring the area. Never heard of Shakadang Trail before your blog post but it’s now on my to-do list!

    Do you need a license to rent a scooter and are there a lot of bugs? I ask because I just came from NZ and they had crazy, crazy sandflies at gorges!

  4. Great post avout Taroko Gorge! Just wondering if the places you’ve mentioned here are the exact order from the start of the Gorge until Tianxiang? If not can you give me a rundown of places to see starting from the start until the end? And if you rent bicycles, do they also give you a helmet and a lock for the bike? Hoping for your response!!!

    • Yes, the order of sights above is pretty much exactly as you would encounter them. Only Shakadang trail is off the main road. Right after the Taroko Gorge entrance gate, the main road continues on the same side up Taroko Gorge. But for Shakadang trail, you have to cross a bridge right after the entrance gate to the other side of the gorge, where you’ll find the visitor’s center, and a little further down, the Shakadang trail. Everything else after that is in order, on the main side of the road.
      As for bicycles, I haven’t personally rented from those shops myself, so I can’t say for sure. I would hope they offer helmets. In Taiwan, it’s fairly common, outside of cities especially, for people to not bother using locks though. It’s really quite safe. Please let me know when you find out though, so I can know in the future!

  5. Hello Nick,

    Thanks for the awesome post about Taroko Gorge. I’m planning to visit Taiwan in August and would like to spend a weekend in Taroko Gorge. I’ve been researching on the NP and find your website super useful. I’d like to bring my camping gear from US to camp at the Heliu Campground. There’re 2 things I’m trying to figure out:

    1/ As I read about the Heliu Campground, it is on 1st-come 1st-served basis. So what times would the campground be opened for walk-up and how would I pay the fees (in cash)?

    2/ Is it safe to claim a campsite, set up my tent, and hop on the shuttle bus for day hikes in the Gorge, leaving my camping gears at the campsite to come back later at night? This is quite normal in the US but I’ve never had a chance to camp anywhere else so I’m a little bit worried about the safety.

    Hoping for your response!!!

    • Hi Huy,
      Sounds like you’ve got an awesome trip planned. I’ve only stayed at the campground once, but it was way back in 2008, so I can’t guarantee nothing has changed. When I stayed there, I remember we just walked in, chose a platform, and set up our tent. There was nobody even working there. I don’t even remember paying the fee, but maybe somebody came around later to collect it. For best luck to get a spot, you should try to come early, especially on weekends. Taiwan is extremely safe, and I think you can leave your things and not worry about them. Taiwan is the kind of place where people leave their laptops unattended for half an hour in a cafe. It’s probably smart to keep your most important valuables on you though, because you never know.

  6. Hi, I am drawing an itinerary for Taiwan trip (Oct 14th morning – 19th afternoon) with my family – twin (26), my parents (55 & 65) who are not the most active adults. Thinking of sightseeing Taipei on 14,15 and spend 16 at Taroko Gorge.
    Should I arrive from Taipei in the evening of 15th, stay overnight at Taroko and start early 17th oct at the national park and take train back or stay at Hualien. Take train back to taipei 18th morning/afternoon.
    Or take a train in the morning 17th and leave bags at hotel, continue to Taroko during midday and rest overnight at Taroko. Take train back to taipei 18th morning/afternoon. (Is there much to see at Hualien or worth skipping?)
    I wish to continue to Sunmoon lake next morning… but realise there are no trains connecting Hualien/Taroko to Sunmoon Lake. I realise driving from Taroko would take 5-6 hours and it would be too much for elderys their age.
    Do you think it’s worth doing another one-day trip down there from Taipei-Taichung-(bust) Sun Moon Lake? If so how long would it take?
    Please kindly advise. Many thanks


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